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ANDRE'S AQUARIUM PAGES

The Bristle Worms and friends

Saltwater Aquarium Fish

Breeding the Seahorse

The Featherduster

The Sea Anemone

The Octopus

Breeding The Clownfish

Breeding Marine Fish and Invertebrate

Marine Aquarium Fish Families

Breeding Marine Inverts.

Saltwater Care and Compatibility Guide

animal-world.com/encyclo/reef

Coral Reef Animals of The World

Anemones

Mushroom Anemones

Soft Corals

Stony Corals

Tridacna Clams

Zoanthids

animal-world.com/encyclo/reef


Saltwater Marine Animals

Coral Reef Aquarium

Coral

The Sea Anemone

Mushroom Anemone Propagation

The Sponges

Saltwater Crab

The Starfish

The Seahorse


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Eliminate algae

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Safe for fish, plants, animals and humans

Degrades and dissolves organic bottom solids and scum. End result is carbon dioxide releasing through the top of the water

after BI- AQUACULTURE consumes the nitrates & phosphates. Other products require the tank or pond to be vacuumed

creating excess maintenance

Improves water clarity and quality; no more green water

Will work in fresh and salt water

Cuts and eliminates odors

Converts nitrites to nitrates

Oxidizes Ammonia to nitrite

BI-AQUACULTURE

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The most important things you should know

The Nitrogen Cycle

The Nitrogen Cycle

Protein Skimmer

Parasital Ich

Bacterial Finrot

UV Sterilizer

White Cloudy Water

Live Rock and Sand

About Nitrates

About Ammonia

Water Changes

All about Lighting

hyper-sterilization

Filters

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WAVEMAKERS

TEST KITS

Arthropods Copepods

AQUARIUM WATER AND FILTERING

USING SALT IN THE FRESHWATER AQUARIUM

Distilled water and Reverse Osmosis

Brown diatom algae

Aerating the water

WATER CHEMISTRY, pH

 

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The Aquarium Doctor and his team has it all. They welcome questions from members aimed at the problems that aquarist run into while trying to improve or save their aquatic world. Our team of professionals will answer just about anything you can throw their way. Enjoy!

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The Nitrogen Cycle

"nitrosomonas bacteria"

This is the most important life in your aquarium! 

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Bristle Worm Removal

Albert J. Thiel

An Introduction

Bristle worms can be, and usually, are a real problem for reef hobbyists. Indeed, they create havoc in the aquarium, especially when they grow to larger sizes. Bristle worms grow quickly! Real quickly! They feed on anything they can find in the tank and grow to sizes that amaze most hobbyists. This process does not take long either.

Whereas small bristle worms may look really harmless, larger specimens that have grown to sizes of 24 inches or more in length are quite impressive and can cause serious damage. Remember too that the size you see is not necessarily the size of the worm. It may be retracted and look short and thick, but it can stretch itself to a real long size and be very thin. In either case it is a voracious eater.

Bristleworm Profiles

Guide picks

Here are Bristleworm profile and photo resources to learn about the identification, characteristics, control and more on these stinging marine worms, some of which are beneficial to saltwater systems, while others such as the Fireworm species are irritating pests that should be removed.

Bristleworms Profile

From your Guides, learn about what Bristleworms are, which types are beneficial to your tank as substrate cleaners, how to prevent unwanted infestations, and methods for removal.

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REMOVING REEF AQUARIUM PESTS

Bristle Worms

Mantis Shrimp

The mantis shrimp, or Squilla empusa, is not, in fact, a shrimp. It belongs to the subphylum Crustacea and the class Malacostraca, which is the largest class of crustaceans, containing more than 20,000 species. Malacostraca is tremendously diverse and includes both marine and terrestrial species, including isopods (sowbugs), krill, mantis shrimp, shrimp, crabs and crayfish.

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Aiptasia Anemones

One of the most common problems affecting captive reef systems is the proliferation of anemones of the genus Aiptasia.

These anemones are very hearty and employ pedal laceration, a strategy in which small daughter clones separate from the foot of the mother animal, to reproduce extremely quickly. Attempts to remove or kill the anemones are seldom successful, as each animal removed leaves a ring of daughter anemones behind.

As such, removal of Aiptasia is best performed by one of their natural predators. Inland Aquatics has used Peppermint Shrimp, Butterflyfish (Usually the Raccoon or Copperband Butterflyfish) and Berghia verrucicornis, a Nudibranch, to remove Aiptasia.

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Bubble Algae

Bubble algae is BAD. After the initial excitement of finding cool looking green pearls in your tank, you should remove the bubbles to keep it in check. Bubble algae grows rapidly and can spread through the tank. It will tend to crowd desirable specimens out. Fortunately, it is normally possible to manually extract bubble algae and keep it under control unlike hair algae.

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WORMS

GOOD AND BAD

The beautiful marine worms are probably best represented by the prolific little tubeworms which live within the strong protection of enclosing massive stony corals, like some porites species. But other interesting and attractive tube worms secrete a mucus to form their own encasing tube, preferring to live with their tube-homes buried in soft mud or fine sand. Another group construct a calcareous casing which forms part of a communal construction, looking very much like a stony coral at first sight. Yet more of these nicely coloured worms will form calcareous tubes bonded to coral skeleton or coral rock. These species of worm are sedentary, and permanently situated where they are found. They do not move around from one location to another. They extend their feathery tentacle-like heads to gather food, and disappear with extreme rapidity into the safety of their concealed or fortified tubes when disturbed.

Other species are very mobile indeed. The bristle worms, which are so easily introduced into the marine aquarium with “living rock” or soft corals attached to coral rock, are fast movers when they want to be. Others use their slower mobility to find a host animal they can attach to, and live out their lives in association with their unwilling host. One spectacular worm keeps its main body anchored within a rocky hole but extends tentacles for an amazing distance across the sea bed in all directions to gather in food. Flatworms can be decorative and mobile, while others may be boringly plain, fairly sedentary, and terrible pests in the aquarium. So there is a lot of variety of form and behaviour between the many sea animals we know as “ worms ”.

A fireworm is a type of bristleworm. The common name fireworm is used to describe a number of worms that fit the same general description of appearance and action.

A good example is:

Phylum: Annelida

Class: Polychaeta: Polychaete worms

Subclass: Errantia

Family: Amphinomidae

Species: Hermodice carunculata

(fireworm)

Contents:

1. Fireworms

2. A little more info on Fireworms

3. Bristle Worms (again)

4. Bristle worms and arrow crabs

5. Liverock organisms

6.  More Liverock organisms

7. How do YOU trap bristle worms ?

Coralife Trap'Em

is a quick and effective device to lure, trap and remove bristle worms from any reef aquarium. Bristle worms grow and multiply rapidly and should be quickly removed from the aquarium.

Trap' Em comes complete with bait.

Stay calm!!!!!!! small bristle worms aren't a problem, in fact they probably do some good in removing excess food. Orchid (arabian) psuedos will eat bristle worms. They're attractive as well. Big worms (over 4") can be removed with a number of commercially available traps or by using a nylon stocking baited with a piece of shrimp or squid. The worms bristles get caught in stocking and cannot escape. Be careful, I've dared my friends to grab large bristle worms and they can be extemely painful!!! If they are not causing a problem and you dont see any really large ones dont worry, and try orchid psuedo.

Our interest extends beyond these pages, to promoting conservation and aquaculture research projects worldwide-from helping understand environmental changes, to saving the endangered reefs, and endangered species with captive bred freshwater and marine life.

 

Why aquarium fish die..

Fish health is a complex and sometimes baffling subject. The key to relatively trouble free fish keeping is prevention rather than cure. This means providing optimum conditions that encourage good health. It is equally important to nip minor problems in the bud before they get out of hand. Aimed mainly at beginners and intermediates, these key pages provide a 'core' understanding of the basics of fish health.

The importance of water quality

Water testing for healthy fish

The importance of water testing. Look after the water and the fish will look after themselves (most of the time).

Fish are like leaky parcels of water swimming around in a pond or tank. No wonder water quality has such a dramatic affect on their well-being.

Fish disease is really no different to disease in any other animal. An overview of aquatic disease, diagnostic methods and treatments.

The essential fish health work-up. When fish are sick, you have two basic options. You can simply try and guess what's wrong (the most common method) and usually get it wrong. The alternative is a l diagnosis.

Fish disease treatments

Find out a little more about common treatment methods before you put any 'medications' into your pond or tank.

Biological filtration

Why do we use biological filters on tanks? This essential piece of equipment is often poorly understood.

New tank/pond syndrome kills tens of thousands of fish every year.

The Nitrogen Cycle

Spaghetti and Hair Worms…

The name "spaghetti worm" predates the reef aquarium hobby by several decades. I first heard the term in my first marine ecology class at Woods Hole in 1969, and I am sure it wasn’t coined then and there. In all cases, prior to recent usage in the reef hobby, this term refers to the worms in the family Terebellidae. The terebellids live in tubes in sediments, rocks, or debris, and do not normally leave the tubes. The only parts of the worm visible on the substrate surface are typically the white to slightly pinkish feeding tentacles elaborated from the head. The tentacles from larger worms are about the same size and dimensions as angel hair pasta, and give these animals their common name. The feeding tentacles extend some distance from the burrow and collect small food particles in a stream of mucus which is moved along by microscopic cilia found in a gutter on tentacle’s surface. Arising from the head region are also two to four pairs of bushy, bright red gills. These are not generally visible outside the tube, but when the animal is feeding with the tentacles extended, the gills are located just below the opening of the tube.

THE FEATHERDUSTER

The Featherduster

Featherduster worms are common throughout the world in shallow water. In Hawaii, they are found on reef flats and in quiet bays and harbors, where there are hard surfaces to which they attach their tubes, as well as high concentrations of food particles in the water.

Add Me!

Received from the diver himself

Gulfview Marine

Dale Barger, member

    Live Rock ,

   We have four classes

of Live Rock...

  Gorgonians & Sponges,

   based on availability...

 Gulf Sand ,

Taken next

to natural reefs...

Inverts,

Crabs & Snails, etc...great algae janitors

Gulfview Wholesale Marine specializes in Aquaculture, Live Rock, Gulf Sand, Gargonian, Coral, Sponges, Snails, and Crabs. Since 1988, Gulfview has been a live rock harvester and established a solid reputation for the quality to which they are committed. We strive for quality... not quantity.

Gulfview is one of the few aquaculturalists permitted by the government to harvest rock specifically grown for the marine aquarium in the Gulf of Mexico.

Members will receive a 10% discount off their purchase.

1. Specially formulated salt must be added to the marine aquarium water. Any major brand will work as well as another. Measured with a hydrometer, specific gravity should be between 1.020 and 1.025. This is about 1/2 cup per gallon.

2. To keep the hardness and calcium at higher levels, crushed coral and/or aragonite should be used in a marine aquarium. Also, the marine aquarium decorations can be coral skeletons, shells, and other calcium containing objects.

3. The number of fish that can be safely kept in a marine aquarium is 1/3 to 1/5 that of freshwater, or about 1 inch of fish for each 5 gallons of aquarium water

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